Aqua-RET 1 and 2 (Aquaret1: 2006-2008; Aquaret2: 2009-2011). Aquatic Renewable Energy Technologies. This project funded by the European Commission was related to the development of online e-learning sessions within aquatic renewable energy technologies in order to inform the general public and stimulate companies to the aquatic renewable energy industry. Aqua-RET2 aimed to continue the dissemination activities and transfer of technology in the sector. Aqua-RET2’s aims and objectives were 1) to identify the labour market needs of the marine renewable sector and ancillary businesses on a sectoral and geographical basis 2) to select, adapt and further develop existing material from Aqua-RET to meet identified labour market needs 3) to integrate the new innovative training content into the work place by piloting new training programmes from which outputs will be transferred geographically and between sectors to ensure that training is more responsive to changes in labour market needs 4) to facilitate the transfer of skills from ancillary sectors to the marine renewables sector.

ATLANTIC PC (2012_2014) The Atlantic Power Cluster project builds on the Marine Energy Working Group set up in the CPMR (Atlantic Arc Commission) and is intended to implement a transnational marine energy strategy so the partner regions can seek complementarities to tackle the crucial challenges for the development of marine energies in the Atlantic Area (AA).

CA-OE (EU FP6 funded) The Wave Energy Centre participated as core-group member in the European Co-ordination actions in Ocean Energy Systems, joining various research institutes and companies involved in wave energy. The main project activities were the organisation of dedicated interactive workshops and short-term personell-exchange periods, as a vehicle to exchange and analyse information for the Ocean Energy Development.

CORES Components for Renewable Ocean Energy Systems (2008-2011). EU 7FP funded (RTD program). This project was concentrated on the development of a wave to wire simulations Toolbox to be applied on the OE Buoy Technology, developed by the Irish company Ocean Energy Ltd. An impulse turbine was developed within the work plan leaded by the Instituto Superior Técnico.

DEMOWFLOAT (2011-2016) The objective of the DEMOWFLOAT project is to demonstrate the long-term Windfloat performance, operationability, maintainability, reliability, platform accessibility, feasible grid integration on a modular basis, among several other aspects with an impact on availability of the system and, therefore, on the cost of produced energy.

Demonstration OWC Pico Plant (2004-2006) PRIME/DEMTEC funding for the Renovation and Test of the OWC Pilot Plant in the Pico Island, in the Azores. The WavEC coordinated this project finished in October 2006. Maintenance and monitorization of the Pico Plant continued after the end of the project.

DTOCEAN (2013-2016) The DTOcean project aims to accelerate industrial development of ocean energy by providing shared-access design tools for the first and subsequent generations of wave and tidal energy converter arrays.

EQUIMAR (2008-2011) Equitable testing and Evaluation of Marine energy extraction Devices in terms of Performance, Cost and Environmental Impact. EU 7FP funded (STREP program).

FAME FAME (The Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment) (2010-2013) is an ambitious strategic transnational co-operation project that aim to link the protection of natural values, specifically biodiversity (avifauna) with economic activities at the European Atlantic Ocean.

FW Turbine (2012-2014) The objective of the FW Turbine project is to investigate the operability of floating wind turbines (FWT) in wind and waves and the extreme loads on the structure and mooring lines. Numerical tools and procedures will be developed to calculate the related system responses. While the offshore sea bottom fixed wind turbine (WT) technology can be considered mature, the available locations are limited therefore the technology will migrate to deep water. Above 40 to 50m water depth it probably becomes economically advantageous to use a floater as a support structure for the WT. The FWT concept is still in its infancy.

FORTISSIMO (2015-2016) The main objective of the FORTISSIMO HPC-Sheaks is to demonstrate usefulness of HPC tools for seakeeping studies using state of the art tools.

KIC-OTS (2010-2014) Offshore Test Station (KIC-OTS) project is a technology market driven project which has been created in the framework of KIC-Innoenergy, a company funded by the EC European Institute of Technology (EIT). The objective of the KIC-OTS project is to develop a number of products and services directed at the current and future needs of the Offshore Renewable energy farms.

MARINET (2011-2015) The aim of this project is to coordinate research and development at all scales (small models through to prototype scales from Laboratory through to Open Sea tests) and to allow access for researchers and developers into facilities which are not available universally in Europe.

ORECCA (2009-2011) This project aimed to create a framework for knowledge sharing and to develop a research roadmap for activities in the context of offshore renewable energy (RE). In particular, the project stimulated collaboration in research activities leading towards innovative, cost efficient and environmentally benign offshore RE conversion platforms for wind, wave and other ocean energy resources, for their combined use as well as for the complementary use such as aquaculture and monitoring of the sea environment. The project had a duration of 18 months, involving 30 European institutes and was coordinated by the German Institute Fraunhofer Gesellschaft. Funding scheme: EC FP7 - Coordination and support action.

OTEO (2011-2013) The OTEO project - “Offshore Energy Technology Observatory” establishes as a strategy the portuguese and the international knowledge of offshore energy technologies as well as support technologies in order to increase the competitiveness and the entrepreneurship in this sector.

RICORE (2015-2016) Tthe aim of the RiCORE project is to establish a risk-based approach to consenting where the level of survey requirement is based on the environmental sensitivity of the site, the risk profile of the technology and the scale of the proposed project.

ROADMAPPING (2010-2013) Roadmapping Offshore Renewables in Portugal
The objective of this project is to bring an engineering systems approach to the development of a novel design methodology of roadmaps of renewable and clean energy systems that includes uncertainty management, monitoring an update tools. This requires the definition of a holistic methodology that combines engineering approaches, such as systems modelling and optimization with social sciences methodologies for forecasting such as Delphi techniques. The methodology will be applied to a case study of great relevance for Portuguese social and economical development, which is the development of a Portuguese roadmap for the marine energies, to be developed by the national network for marine energies under the scope of a parallel project.

SI OCEAN (2012-2014) The goal of this project is to engage a large number of European stakeholders to identify practical solutions to removing a range of barriers to large scale wave and tidal energy deployment, and to deliver a common strategy for ensuring maximal wave and tidal installed capacity by 2020 – paving the way for exponential market growth in the 2030 and 2050 timeframe.

SOWFIA (2010-2013) The SOWFIA project aims to achieve the sharing and consolidation of pan-European experience of consenting processes and environmental and socio-economic impact assessment (IA) best practices for offshore wave energy conversion developments.

SURGE (2009-2013) The European Project SURGE (Simple Underwater Renewable Generation of Electricity) is funded by the EC under FP7 and intends to test and assess the second generation of the Finnish WaveRoller device, near Peniche.

SYMBIOTRACKER Submarine power cables are vital components of any offshore energy structure, as they transport the exploited energy on to the onshore network. The inspection and identification of these cables has been identified as a costly and inefficient operation. These difficulties are even more complicated to overcome in the case of water depths larger than 40 m, since divers have a very limited time to stay underwater in such conditions. This is clearly a serious obstacle considering the large amount of cable kilometers involved in offshore renewable energy farms. In any case, an automated process must be established to perform these operations in order to cover the whole cable network in a cost efficient manner.

TROPOS (2012-2015) The key objective of the TROPOS project is the development of a floating modular multi-use platform system for use in deep waters, with an initial geographic focus on the Mediterranean, Tropical and Sub-Tropical regions.

WAVEPLAM WAVe energy PLAnning and Marketing (2007-2010). Project funded by the European Commission (Intelligent Energy Executive Agency program). The purpose of this project was to develop tools and establish the necessary conditions to find solutions for the probable non technological barriers and conditioning factors that may arise with the deployment of large scale wave energy technologies.

WAVEPORT (2010-2014) In the Atlantic arc from Iceland to Portugal, Europe has some of the best natural wave resources in the world; with the total potential European ocean wave power estimated to be in the range 150 -240 TWh per annum. The main barrier to wave energy expansion is the lack of a large, commercial-scale demonstration of the technology. In addition, the efficiency of devices is limited and needs to be improved.
The WAVEPORT project aims to address this shortfall by demonstrating a large scale grid connected, 600kW peak generator rated, point absorber Wave Energy Converter - for which a smaller scale prototype has already been tested.

WAVETRAIN 1 and 2 (Wavetrain1: 2004-2008; Wavetrain2: 2008-2012). Wavetrain1 was funded by the 6FP of the EC. Wavetrain2 project was a multinational Initial Training Network (ITN) funded under the FP7-People program, in order to face the wide range of challenges that industrial-scale wave energy implementation faces in the near future, focusing on technical issues, from hydrodynamic and PTO (Power Take-Off) design, to instrumentation issues and energy storage and cost reduction show to be critical for successful deployment. On the other hand, also non-technical “barriers”, typically less tangible difficulties related to legal issues (licensing, conflicts of use, EIA procedures, grid connection, regional differences) and the non-sufficient representation of socio-economic benefits of the sector, were dealt with, as they are seen as a major obstacle for fast implementation on a European scale.

WEAM Wave Energy Acoustic Monitoring (2007-2010). This project funded by the Science and Technology Foundation (Fundação de Ciência e Tecnologia) aimed to develop an instrumentation network for the assessment of underwater noise produced by wave energy devices and established a monitorization plan. The institutions responsible for this project were the WavEC - Wave Energy Centre and the University of the Algarve.